Shortly before sex, a soft rubber cap is inserted into the vagina to cover the cervix, preventing sperm from entering the uterus. It should be left in place for at least 6 hours after sexual intercourse. The method is much more effective when used in combination with a spermicidal cream to inactivate sperm. It does not interrupt love and can be used a few hours before sexual intercourse. Insertion and removal are easy once they have been learned by the doctor and there are no complications after use. The user should use additional spermicides if more than 3 hours elapse between insertion and sexual intercourse. The cap should be inserted before each sexual intercourse. Different sizes adapt to different women and a correct size should be used. The height may change after birth or if there is weight gain or weight loss of more than three kilograms and should therefore be checked every 6 months. Medical help is needed to choose the right size and learn how to introduce and remove it. Concerns arise among women who take hormone-based contraceptives because they have an increased incidence of breast cancer, making contraceptives an important public health priority.

In a recent study, Mørch et al. showed that hormonal contraception had a 20% higher risk of breast cancer, regardless of estrogen dose, than women who had never used contraceptive methods [2]. See the full definition of contraception in the dictionary of English language learners Birth control (contraception) is a method, medication or device used to prevent pregnancy. Women can choose from many types of birth control. Some work better than others to prevent pregnancy. The type of contraception you use depends on your health, your desire to have children now or in the future, and your need to prevent sexually transmitted infections. Your doctor can help you decide which type is best for you right now. Over the past few months, several former singles have used their Instagram accounts to promote fertility awareness app Natural Cycles as a contraceptive method.

IUDs are more commonly used in the United States. They provide excellent contraception with few side effects and are rarely contraindicated due to a patient`s medical history. Pelvic infection is possible, but the highest risk is within 20 days of insertion. If a woman becomes ill with a sexually transmitted infection, the first line is to treat only the infection, removal of the IUD is considered only if the patient does not pass treatment. The key to minimizing problems in contraceptive practice is to consider sustainability (efficacy, cost, duration of action, and relevance), make a prudent and correct choice, and then properly advise the patient [4]. Partner-related failure mainly refers to the use of condoms or indifference to what their girlfriends or wives resort to, and the disadvantages of these methods in protecting against diseases. Commonly thought medications for contraception include combined hormonal pills, patches, rings, and progesterone pills. Combined oral contraceptives are monophasic, biphasic and triphasic.

They are administered monthly, quarterly or annually. The usual combined oral contraceptive mimics the menstrual cycle, 21-24 days of estrogen and progesterone to suppress ovulation, mucus from the altar and lining of the endometrium to prevent pregnancy, and 5-7 days of placebo, resulting in observed menstruation. Continuous contraceptive pills use 84 days of continuous exposure to active phase pills and 7 days of placebo or 365 days of active pills. These forms are just as effective and share failure rates regardless of format. The combined hormonal patch and contraceptive ring provide a different entry point for the drug to avoid the first-pass effect and reduce some side effects. The patch is changed weekly with a placebo week to mimic routine menstruation. The vaginal ring comes into action for 3 weeks, then is removed for a week placebo to mimic menstruation. These formulations all offer the same failure rates of 9 per 100 women per year. A complete medical history and physical examination should be carried out before starting any form of contraception, as there may be relative and absolute contraindications. The CDC proposes a medical approval criterion for contraceptive use based on the chosen form of contraception and the medical conditions of patients, easily accessible to doctors and patients. And to other parts of the Affordable Care Act, not just the so-called «contraceptive mandate.» In general, younger women, married or unmarried, use contraception less often than older women, even in countries with high contraceptive prevalence rates (RCRs) [6]. .